Lumbini –where Lord Buddha was born - is a piece of Heaven on Earth, where one could see the snowy mountains amidst a splendid garden, embedded with stupas and monasteries. However, the exact location remained uncertain and dubious until 1 December 1886 when a wandering German archaeologist Dr. Alois A. Fuhrer came across a stone pillar and ascertained beyond doubt it was indeed the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Since that day it has become a focal point for hundreds of thousands of pilgrims
The Nativity Sculpture:
The Nativity Sculpture is the shrine of Maya Devi, which outlines Queen Maya Devi grasping a tree branch with her right hand. Her sister, Gautami Prajapati is standing next to her in a supportive posture at the time of delivery. As quoted by the Buddhist literature, the far right shows the figures if Lord Brahma and Indra wearing the cronical crowns, standing in devotion before the queen to receive the divine child. At the bottom is the newly born prince Gautam (Buddha) standing upright on a lotus pedestal with two celestial figures receiving him.
The Marker Stone:
The marker stone located deeply burried in the sanctum sanctorum pinpoints the exact spot of the auspicious birth of Lord Buddha.This was discovered after a diligent excavation of the Maya Devi Temple in 1996. The marker stone 70 cm long, 40cm wide and 10cm high is now covered with the bullet proof glass.
Ashoka pillar is an important evidence of the birthplace of Buddha. King Ashoka made his pilgrimage to Lumbini in 3rd century BC then dedicated Ashok pillar which is still standing in the Lumbini garden. The inscription engraved by Ashoka is still intact and testifies the authenticity of the birthplace. The text written in Brahmin script records the visit of King Priyadarsi who ordered structures built to protect the site.
The most sacred Puskarni Pond where Queen Mayadevi had taken a bath before the birth of Buddha lies to the south of the pillar. It was also the pond where the infant Buddha was given his first bath. The pond has two deep well, terraced steps and is riveted by beautifully layered bricks of 1933-1939.